Written by: Christos Loizou and Vittorio Ippolito
Edited by: Chiara Nasonte
Supervised by: Emile Clarke
In the ever-evolving landscape of modern warfare, the significance of space in military operations has reached unprecedented heights. As nations gear up for multi-domain operations, the theatres of battle extend far beyond the traditional land, sea, and airfields. The critical role of space for the defence sector has forced EU member states to upgrade their capabilities in this area.
In this paper, we briefly show how the armed forces of European states increased their interoperability in space and the upper atmosphere. To do this, we refer to the new European space commands, the investments of European countries, military exercises concerning the space domain and, finally, the most recent developments concerning European high-atmosphere hypersonic missile interceptors.
The modern battlefield is characterised by the increasingly intense need to conduct multi-domain strategies. There are five areas of operations: Maritime, Land, Air, Space, and Cyberspace (ΝΑΤΟ, 2023). Recent armed conflicts have highlighted the critical role of the use of space by both sides.