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Arms Transfer Through the European Peace Facility

Written by Rossella Muzzeddu

Since the beginning of Russia’s war in Ukraine, the EU has provided about €2.5 billion worth of military assistance to Ukraine through the European Peace Facility (EPF), with some of the weapons coming from the EU countries’ stocks (Preussen, 2022). The EPF is a fund of €5 billion financed outside the EU Budget for a period of seven years (2021-2027), established by Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/509 of 22 March 2021 based on Articles 30 and 41 of the Treaty on the European Union (TEU) (Council of the European Union, 2021).

The EU has framed the EPF as one of the measures to fulfil the goals outlined in the 2016 EU Global Strategy, by allocating funding in support of Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) military and security-oriented actions (EEAS, 2021).