As part of its global security strategy, the EU launched the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership with the 1995 Barcelona Declaration, as a framework for dialogue and cooperation towards achieving peace and security in the Mediterranean region. To complement this partnership, the EU established the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) in 2004, initially to foster good relations with Mediterranean and Middle Eastern neighbours, including Syria.
As stability in the Western Balkans is a priority for EU policymakers, it is necessary to examine the causes of military expansion in the region, and the effects of the phenomenon for the EU accession process.
Hypersonic technology is expected to revolutionise the way countries throughout the world can counter ballistic and nuclear attacks. With these technologies arises a new kind of arms race, putting today’s global balance of power at risk.
Since 2012, Mali has been facing armed conflicts that oppose multiple military groups spreading in the Sahel region.
How do International Organisations (IOs) react to the new wave of complex challenges in their security environment? In particular, how will NATO react to remain relevant today and prepare for the future?