Third EU-NATO Joint Declaration signed on 10th January 2023

On 10th January 2023, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg; the President of the European Council, Charles Michel; and President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen signed the 3rd EU-NATO Joint Declaration in Brussels. The first and second joint declarations between the EU and NATO were signed in 2016 and 2018 respectively.

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Lessons of Operation Barkhane for Future European Engagement in the Sahel

On August 15, 2022, the last French soldiers involved in Operation Barkhane left Malian territory. The operation began nearly a decade earlier and had the primary objective of fighting against terrorist groups in the region (Burgess, 2018, p. 5). The situation in Mali, however, appears worse now than before. Jihadist violence continues to escalate, anti-Western sentiment runs rampant, and Russian Wagner mercenaries have established a firm footing in the country.

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Germany will not stop Poland from sending Leopard tanks to Ukraine if asked, official says

On the 22nd of February 2023, Germany’s Foreign Minister Anna Baerbock stated that Germany will not stop Poland from delivering Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine (as cited in Radford, 2023). It is known that all states, whether in Europe or not, will help each other if one of them is in need (Art. 42, para. 7, TEU). These international subjects will cooperate in helping Ukraine with arms as well as economic and security assistance whenever it is in need (Art. 42, para. 7, TEU). Ukraine is a regional strategic partner that has undertaken significant efforts to modernize its military and increase its interoperability with NATO.  It remains an urgent security assistance priority to provide Ukraine with the equipment it needs to defend itself in Russia’s war against Ukraine (Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, 2023).

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