Written by François Barbieux
Edited by Alex Marchan
Supervised by Ginevra Bertamini
The 2023 ‘Future Shocks’ report of the European Parliamentary Research Service points out the drastic changes to the European security landscape following the Russian invasion of Ukraine and the return of war on European soil (EPRS, 2023). Europe faces a multi-faceted conventional and non-conventional threat that requires short-, medium-, and long-term action from European policymakers (Anghel, 2023). The European defence architecture ought to be transformed deeply to face the new geostrategic urgency (Anghel, 2023). The key lies in greater and more collaborative investments. It is both economically and strategically untenable to operate in silos when it comes to defence. Billions are lost every year and defence capabilities remain insufficient, outdated, and lack interoperability. Should Europeans have any hope of holding a leading role in the geopolitical environment of today, it is imperative to increase collaborative efforts across the EU.