The Ukraine war has had a myriad of geopolitics outputs in Europe, from grain commerce, energy supply, and to defence architecture of the continent. For the latter concept, it is well known that the United States plays a significant role in the deterrence equation through NATO (NATO, 2022). Nevertheless, the situation before Russian aggression is likely to change, and the burden of forward posture efforts from the different allies will be realigned.
The European Deterrence Initiative (EDI), announced by the United States (U.S.) in 2014, reflects changes in the international security environment. It aims to help Eastern European allies deter Russia from further incursion into Europe following its annexation —in violation of international law— of Crimea from Ukraine and its continued military activity in the region.
Deterrence – the practice intended to discourage an adversary from taking unwanted actions, mainly concerning military aggression – has been the main subject of European defence policies. However, much of the ex-isting dialogue on deterrence is focused on space and cyber, which are considered to be the new domains of warfare. Although these domains complement the conventional ones, they do not replace them. Therefore, possessing reliable military capability at sea, in the air, and on land is still crucial to any deterrence strategy. Considered that, this Info Flash will fo-cus on land forces, specifically on the importance of armour for increasing both European military power and deterrence.