With the live coverage of the war in Ukraine from media all around the world, it is easy to run into photos or videos of Russian tanks. In Ukraine, Russia’s main battle tank (MBT) is the T-72, but they also deployed some T-80s and some T-90s. By carefully looking at these units, it can be noticed that Russian, but also Ukrainian tanks are equipped with small blocks all around their armour. These blocks are an additional defensive armour, which serves the purpose to protect the tank and its crew from anti-tank weapons. This additional armour is called Explosive Reactive Armour (ERA).
Reconnaissance can be described as ‘the act of real-time observation of a certain place, person, group or ongoing activity to gather information’. In defence matters, robots are mainly used for reconnaissance operations to avoid putting soldiers in dangerous situations. As robot development is evolving at increasingly high speed, the market for this specific segment of the defence industry has been heating up. Development has reached a new high at the end of 2020, marked by the new update of Rheinmetall’s new Armed reconnaissance vehicle for high-security scouting missions.
Deterrence – the practice intended to discourage an adversary from taking unwanted actions, mainly concerning military aggression – has been the main subject of European defence policies. However, much of the ex-isting dialogue on deterrence is focused on space and cyber, which are considered to be the new domains of warfare. Although these domains complement the conventional ones, they do not replace them. Therefore, possessing reliable military capability at sea, in the air, and on land is still crucial to any deterrence strategy. Considered that, this Info Flash will fo-cus on land forces, specifically on the importance of armour for increasing both European military power and deterrence.